26 June 2017

New Mount Ida Cemetery,Troy, Looking for Volunteers

A friend, Alysia, passed this note on to me. The group that is restoring the New Mount Ida Cemetery on Pinewoods Avenue in Troy is looking for help/volunteers with gravestone restoration in July. Details are below:

We are looking for volunteers again for our annual stone repair workshop in the New Mount Ida Cemetery, on Pinewoods Avenue in Troy. It will be held Saturday, July 8th and Sunday, July 9th from 8am-5pm. Joe Ferrannini will be here again for our annual event, and we are looking for help with cleaning stones with soft brushes. Joe will be doing the actual repair work on the markers. Its always very rewarding and always a great time to hang out with other volunteers. Plus its so great to see the stones once they are all repaired. Please feel free to pass this along to anyone that you know of that may be interested!


Genealogy Help

Here is an upcoming genealogy session that I found last night in the Rensselaer County Advertiser newspaper.

FREE GENEALOGY LOOK UP SESSION

The Troy Irish Genealogy Society is sponsoring a Free Genealogy Look up Session at the North Greenbush Public Library on Wednesday, June 28. Bring your questions about how to trace your family tree or what you are trying to find out about a specific ancestor. Let the Society's experienced members help you to discover more! Please make an appointment by calling the library at 283-0303. Thirty minute appointments are available from 5:30 to 7:00. Don't miss this chance to have your family genealogy questions answered. The library is located at 141 Main Avenue in the North Greenbush Municipal Building.

Eintracht Gesängverein

On November 22, 1868, at 242 South Pearl Street- the Lokale of John Wass, Albany’s newest Gesängvereine or singing society came into existence as the Eintracht Singing Society.  Eintracht had eighteen founding members.  The group strove to cultivate German song and music becoming the largest and most respected singing society in Albany.  They met every Wednesday evening at 371 South Pearl Street, known as Andes’ Halle circa 1875 and later the location became known as Eintracht Halle.  
Eintracht also participated in numerous singing competitions in Albany and in surrounding locales.  They won first prize at many music festivals, including the gala sponsored by the Utica Maenner Chor in July 1874, at the event promoted by the Schenectady, New York Quartett Club in 1879, and also at the June 21, 1880 competition of the Troy Maenner Chor held at Troy Music Hall.  The Troy Männerchor welcomed and escorted the visiting societies to the music hall, and then treated them to a picnic at Young’s Grove.  Professor Peter Schneider, organist for the Irish Saint Mary’s Church in Albany, was one of the judges. Eintracht took third prize on August 24, 1880 at the Sängerfest of the Rondout, New York Social Maenner Chor.  Notably, in July 1882 Eintracht took home a prize at the Thirteenth National Sängerfest in Philadelphia.  Before leaving for the Sängerfest, Eintracht made a short parade through the streets, preceded by the Albany City Band to the steamboat landing where they embarked.  After the singing competition, Eintracht headed a grand parade of visiting societies and proceeded to Schuetzenpark in Philadelphia where judges awarded prizes.  
The society arranged and held a successful Saengerfest in Albany in 1878, and again on June 25, 1883 with a Grand Sängerfest held in Colling’s Grove.  Visiting societies came from Rondout, Schenectady, Hudson, and Troy.  There was no competition or awards surprisingly but much singing with “the woods r[i]ng[ing] with the merry shouts as the numerous tales of the Fatherland were related over beer glasses and pretzels.”[i]  Before the affair the Albany Argus reported- “the event is being looked forward to with much pleasurable anticipation, and will, no doubt, be one of an extreme social nature.”[ii]  
On July 23, 1883, both Eintracht and Cäcilia traveled to Rondout to attend the festival of its sister society.  The Twentieth Anniversary of the Beethoven Männerchor from New York City brought seventy-five members of Eintracht, the Rochester Männerchor, and the Utica Männerchor to the metropolis by train on July 20, 1884.  The Albany Argus detailed the return of the Eintrachts as royally received and banqueted by sister societies when,
At 7:45, last night, the Eintracht Singing society [sic] returned from their trip to New York city [sic].  They were met at the depot by the Mozart society and the Albany Maenner Quartette, headed by the Albany City band and escorted to Eintracht hall, on South Pearl street [sic].  …The Mozart club …and the MaennerQuartette … turned out about fifty members each.  The entire route of march was illuminated by colored fires, Roman candles and other pyrotechnic display, in honor of the old and favorite society.  …All three societies then sat down to an elaborate banquet and several hours were spent in a pleasant manner.[iii]

Eintracht sent seventy-nine singers to Syracuse for the Seventh Sängerfest of the Central New York Sängerbund in 1913.  
Aside from hosting and participating in singing competitions, Eintracht also held annual summer picnics complete with parades to the picnic grounds.  In 1886, Eintracht had 38 active, 175 passive, and 4 honorary members.  Eleven years later, the group numbered 32 active and 160 passive members. [iv]




[i] Albany Argus, June 26, 1883, 6:2.
[ii] Albany Argus, June 21, 1883, 8:4.
[iii] Albany Argus, July 25, 1884, 8:4.
[iv] Albany Argus, June 23, 1880, 8:4; June 29, 1882, 8:4; July 4, 1884, 8:4. Howell and Tenney, eds., History of the County of Albany, N. Y., pp. 744-745. Albany Täglicher Herold, Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, pp. 77, 167.

16 June 2017

15 June 2017

Eintracht Halle

Eintracht Halle located at 371 South Pearl Street was for many years the headquarters for German-Americans in Albany's "South End" until it became a casualty of World War I. Numerous German societies or Verein called Eintracht Halle home. Today, the building is just a memory. It was torn down a few back along with other dilapidated buildings on South Pearl Street.

Eintracht Hall, right
Frederick Andes was the proprietor of Andes’ Hall, a lager-bier house, located at 371-373 South Pearl Street, circa 1875-1877. Andes was also first ward alderman in 1874. This locale soon became known as Eintracht Halle and was operated by Nicholas Wink from 1878 until his death on January 8, 1894. For decades, the Halle was the largest and most popular meeting place for the city’s numerous German-American societies.

On September 3, 1885, a fire that may have originated from children playing with matches started in the rear of Eintracht Halle. A strong breeze rapidly spread the fire to adjacent structures. In the end, the fire consumed and gutted one full city block bounded by Fourth Avenue, South Pearl, Alexander, and Broad Streets. Fortunately, there were no fatalities from the fire in the densely populated block.[1] All of the destroyed buildings were rebuilt.

The following was found in an Albany Evening Times newspaper dated, 18 September 1885:

THE EINTRACHT TO BE INCORPORATED
The Eintracht singing society last evening appointed a committee consisting of Max Kurth, Peter Lasch and Frank Miller to prepare for the incorporation of the society. Trustees elected were: Active members, Peter Lasch, William Beyer, August Rapp and Chris. Frank; passive members, Joseph Belser, max Kurth, and John Zweers. They were instructed to purchase the former site of Eintracht hall, including a lot 23 by 66 feet on Broad street, for $5,100. L. Wink, Andrew Strube and William Hosebein were appointed to confer with the several singing societies of Albany relative to purchasing stock in the new hall. The original plans of the architect have been changed so as to provide for a three-storied instead of a two-storied building.

After Wink’s death, his wife operated the establishment for two years until relinquishing it to Gustav Wickert in 1896. Wickert was its proprietor until 1905, when Anthony F. Henzel took it over until his death on December 16, 1915. The final manager of Eintracht Halle was Joseph Van Wagner. He ran the Halle for only one year, 1916. Nevertheless, after America became a belligerent in the First World War, enough pressure for German-Americans to suppress their identity forced the popular spot to close. The building was vacant between 1917 and 1919, until Albany Knitting Company occupied the building in 1920.

Undated advertisement from an Albany City Directory

Eintracht Halle was home to numerous Gesangvereine or singing societies. One of which took the name Eintracht, which will be the focus of an upcoming article.


[1] Albany Argus, September 4, 1885, 8:2.

14 June 2017

13 June 2017

Tombstone Tuesday : Henry Joseph Bailey

Henry Benjamin Joseph Bailey (04 January 1884 - 17 September 1920), my great grandfather was born in Albany to Johanna O'Donnell (1853 - 1912) and Henry Joseph Bailey (1852 - 1894). He worked as a lineman for Albany Power & Light until he was electrocuted while trimming tree branches from an electric pole on Hawk Street. He left behind a wife and two young daughters. A follow-up bio on Henry will be coming in the future. Below is a photo of his gravesite after his funeral.

Henry Bailey, gravesite 1920

12 June 2017

August Genealogy Program/Advice

An upcoming genealogy program/advice at the East Greenbush Community Library. Details are below:

Drop in Genealogy Help with Lisa Dougherty
Thursday, August 10, 6 PM to 8 PM

Sign up for an appointment with professional genealogist Lisa Dougherty. 15 minute appointments available. 

For further information please contact:
East Greenbush Community Library
10 Community Way, East Greenbush, NY 12061
Phone: 518.477-7476
Web: www.eastgreenbushlibrary.org

11 June 2017

Update for the Evangelical Protestant Cemetery

Friday, 09 June 2017, was a long day. Alarm clock at 5:30 AM. Out of bed at 5:45 AM. Stewart's in Albany at 6:50 AM. At Krumkill road cemetery 7:00 AM. Now the fun begins.

As I drove past the cemetery, Joe Ferraninni from Grave Stone Matters was already there unloading his trailer. I returned with coffees. My faithful gravestone side-kick, Dad, soon arrived. The three of us unloaded materials from Joe's trailer and began setting up for the first of two obelisk rehabs. Setup took at least an hour.

Formulating a plan

We scoped out the site to decide on how to tackle the severely leaning monument safely. To size up the stone, I am standing on the left side and I am 6' tall. With a stone this size, everything had to be done carefully. An accident could cause severe injuries. Below, from the rear of the stone notice how high the back corner is lifting. It is a just a matter of time before this obelisk tips over.

Rear corner lifting

After coming up with a plan of attack, the obelisk was dismantled from top down, piece by piece, and set off to the side via Joe's gantry. The gantry allows a stone to be lifted vertically and then the stone slid horizontally out of the way. My tripod system only allows for vertical lifting.

Gantry set up

After dismantling the monument, the old foundation consisting of rocks and slate was removed. A bed of stone dust was laid down, leveled, and tamped. Then in reverse order the monument was put back together. Small pieces of lead were cut and laid between the pieces along with a monument setting putty to keep water out of the seams.

Below is a photo of the finished product.

Completed Project
Surrounding smaller stones need work now


No rest. Next we were off to the top of the hill in the center of cemetery. This time the obelisk had already fallen. And it fell down the hill to make things interesting. Below is a photo of before work began.

Fallen obelisk

Behind the monument base we dug out for a new foundation similar to the previous stone. Using the gantry we lifted the monument base and slid it back to its new home. It is now almost 1:30 PM. Time for a quick pizza. My favorite graveyard groupie, my wife Michele, showed up to check on our progress. She caught us eating and got us back to work.

At this time Leslie and her son Jonathan came to the cemetery to help. They quickly went to work cleaning the obelisk that was corrected earlier in the day by cleaning the monument with D2. After finishing with the cleaning they helped with getting the center piece column and cap up the hill and placed upon the newly restored obelisk.

Returning the column and then the cap took some time. Because of the incline of the hill and the weight of the stones; we had to use his tripod with adjustable legs to slowly move the pieces up the hill. In order to pull the column up the hill and set it upon the base, the tripod had to be re-situated at least six times. The same procedure was also done with the cap.

According to Joe, this obelisk had already been reset and had probably fallen over once before. He determined this from the shabby brick foundation that was below the obelisk which had failed and slid down the hill with the monument. There was also setting compound which had to be scraped off the stones which was not vintage to the original setting.

Again re-loading the trailer took another hour. After a successful day we parted ways and I pulled into my driveway at exactly 7:00 PM. Below is a photo of the finished product.

Obelisk standing upright again

The next day on Saturday my father went back to the cemetery and cleaned the stone. Sunlight and time will brighten the stone further.

Brief History Albany's Jewish Congregations

The following is a brief history of Albany's Jewish congregations. Mainly German congregations.

Western European Sephardic Jews were attracted to Albany from its earliest days because in the seventeenth century Albany was the leading exporter of skins and furs to Europe.  The first Jews appeared in Fort Orange and Beverwyck in 1654.  They came to travel and trade in the colony.  At first they were denied permission by the Director General of the colony, Pieter Stuyvesant.  Only citizens of the village were allowed to trade, and only members of the Dutch Reformed could become citizens.  The following year Jews were allowed to trade outside of the borders of New Amsterdam.  Among the first Jews to arrive in Fort Orange was Asser Levy.  By 1660 he had purchased several homes and became a trader on a substantial scale.[1]  Also, at this time there were twenty-three Jews residing in Fort Orange.  The Jews were now allowed to practice their religion within their own homes, but they were not allowed to build houses of worship.  The same provisions also applied to the Lutherans.  However, it was not until the 1820s that the Jewish population was large enough to build a synagogue.[2]  
The Jewish population in Albany came predominantly from the Germanic state of Bayern or Bavaria, where anti-Jewish restrictions were rigidly enforced.  These Jewish immigrants began to heavily settle in the city in the 1830s and 1840s.  The German Jews adhered to their native tongue and even attempted to perpetuate it among their children.  They kept synagogue records in German, communicated in German, and engaged Rabbis who delivered addresses in German.  The use of German was respectable because it was the language of the majority in the German enclave.[3]  As of 1886 there were approximately three thousand Jews in the city, most of them German.[4]  But as Russian Jews, numbering over two thousand, migrated to the city between 1880 and 1900, anti-Semitism took hold of Albany’s elite.  Discrimination was directed both to the newcomers and to the older, more established upper-class German Jews.[5] This occurred even though the German Jews were fully absorbed in the German community.  Many Western European Jews were charter members of various German societies of the city, such as Doctor Joseph Lewi, who helped establish the Deutsche Literatur Gesellschaft, or German Literary Society.  Jewish merchant Julius Laventall hosted numerous Jewish organizations in the upstairs rooms at his clothing shop, also known as Laventall’s Building.  Another prominent Albany Jew was Myer Nussbaum, a lawyer who later became a New York State Senator.
Albany’s first Jewish congregation was the moderate orthodox sect, Beth El, meaning “The House of God.”  The flock was organized in 1822 and later incorporated on March 25, 1838.  Beth El was the city’s first German language congregation.  On December 16, 1839, the congregation’s first meeting place, 66 Bassett Street, was purchased from Abel Fretch for $1,500.  After the idea of building a new house of worship was not fulfilled, 76 Herkimer Street was purchased for $2150 from the Hibernian Society on September 2, 1842.  In 1846 the congregation opened a school, the Jewish Academy of Albany, at 77 Ferry Street, and by 1849 the school had one hundred students.  School tuition cost $9.00 per year.  The school’s pupils were instructed in German, Hebrew, and English.[6]   
Beth El, 77 Ferry Street
On July 14, 1865, a larger edifice situated on the corner of South Ferry and Franklin Streets was purchased for $4,000 from the South Ferry Street Methodist Episcopal Church and used as a synagogue.  It was dedicated on January 20, 1865, with great pomp.  There was a parade through the streets of Albany with members of the congregation carrying the Scrolls of the Law.[7]  To bury the congregations’ dead, two acres of land were purchased in Bethlehem near the Abbey Hotel for use as a cemetery.  On April 13, 1839, the land was bought for $15.[8] Organizations associated with Beth El were the Bethel Society, formed in 1838 as a mutual aid society, the Hebrew Benevolent Society, established on September 20, 1855, providing assistance for families in need and distress; and the Chevra, organized in 1843, was another benevolent group that provided sick and death benefits for its members.  
The second Jewish congregation in Albany was Beth El Jacob.  It came into existence after eight families broke away from Beth El due to internal conflicts regarding orthodoxy.  It was the city’s only orthodox sect and was incorporated on February 22, 1841.  The first meeting place was located at 8 Rose Street and was dedicated on May 25, 1841.  On December 1, 1847, the corner stone for a new synagogue was laid.  The new house of worship was located at 28 Fulton Street, between Lydius, now Madison Avenue and Van Zandt Streets and consecrated on April 28, 1848.[9]  In 1860 it was proposed by the congregation that prayers be offered in German, instead of Hebrew.[10]  By 1900 the congregation was composed mainly of newly arrived Russian and Polish Jewish immigrants.  The influx of these Eastern European nationalities helped the congregation’s lagging German membership.  On August 5, 1974, Beth El Jacob merged with another orthodox congregation, B’nai Abraham, or the Sons of Abraham, which was founded in June 1882 at 69 South Pearl Street.
Former Beth El Jacob
 Anshe Emeth, signifying “People of Truth,” became Albany’s third Jewish congregation when forty-six members from Beth El left to form a new moderate reformed congregation on October 5, 1850.  The society was formally incorporated as a house of worship six days later.  At the time, Anshe Emeth was the fourth reformed Jewish congregation in the United States.  The flock first worshipped in the German language in an abandoned razor strap factory, on the corner of Lydius and South Pearl Streets.  Afterwards, the congregation worshipped in a building on Green Street until the former Baptist church at 155-159 South Pearl Street was purchased and was transformed into a synagogue.  It was officially dedicated on October 3, 1851, with an elaborate ceremony.[11]  Worship services consisted of prayers in Hebrew, the reading of the law, also in Hebrew; while music, and sermons were conducted in either English or German.[12]  
On August 27, 1851, land was purchased in Watervliet from George E. Hartman for use as a cemetery, and on April 3, 1862, the cemetery opened.[13]  Two more acres were later bought in 1878 to increase the size of the burial grounds.  Anshe Emeth opened a school in 1852.  Its curriculum provided both religious and secular instruction, including the study of German until the school closed in 1905.[14] During the mid 1880s the congregation included about 150 families.[15] 
In December 1885, after years of discussion, 1200 worshippers from the congregations of Anshe Emeth and Beth El merged to form a new Reformed congregation, Beth Emeth.  The board decided that English should be used during board meetings and in the keeping of records.  By 1889 services in German and English alternated each week, to the dismay of most of the congregation, who wanted to continue services strictly in German. Land for a synagogue was purchased on the corner of Lancaster and Swan Streets for $19,000 in 1887.  The synagogue was erected at a cost of $145,000.  On May 24, 1889, the new house of worship was consecrated.  
Former Temple Beth Emeth
As of 1897 the congregation numbered approximately 1,200 members.  In 1894 a school was created where bilingual instruction in Hebrew and German was taught, along with Bible study, catechism, and Jewish history.  By 1905 the school existed only as a Sunday school.  Regrettably as time passed, Jewish children who understood German refused to use it in public or among their friends; second and third generation German Jews also abandoned the language of their ancestors.[16]  Societies within the Beth Emeth congregation included the Hebrew Benevolent Society, the Ladies Sewing Society, and the Jewish Home Society.  All three societies aided the poor and the old of the Jewish community.  Another group, the Young People’s Society promoted literature.[17]  Today, the synagogue is an African-American church, the Wilborn Temple. 
            German Jews were similar to German Gentiles.  They also created non-religious organizations.  Fourteen German Jews established the Deutsche Literatur Gesellschaft, or German Literary Society, in 1849.  The society stressed intellectual development, community activity, and the maintenance of the German language, as well as extending assistance to newly arriving German immigrants.[18] In 1876 the society met at Laventall’s Building, located at the corner of South Pearl Street and Hudson Avenue.  The group included a theater and music committee that held debates, gave recitations and lectures, intellectual presentations, and dramatic productions, including Schiller’s “Räuber.”  Schiller Halle, established by Wilhelm Schindler and located on the corner of Herkimer and Franklin Streets, was the host for these events.  The literary society became the best outlet for social and cultural needs of Albany’s German Jews.[19]  
Another Jewish literary group was the Concordia Literary Association.  The association was in existence only a short time, approximately from 1877 to 1880.  Yet another Jewish literary group, the Adelphi Literary Association, was founded on January 26, 1873, and incorporated on February 11, 1881, as the Adelphi Club.  The original purpose of the association was for mutual enlightenment and instruction in science and literature, by the aid of social intercourse, debates, readings, orations, and the maintenance of a library.[20] The first meeting place was located on South Pearl Street, between Division Street and Hudson Avenue.  In 1876 the club moved to 83 Green Street, formerly Turn Halle.  The new site soon became known as Adelphia Hall.  In 1893 Adelphia Hall moved and was located at 82 South Pearl Street.  By 1914 Adelphi Club ceased its intellectual pursuits and purchased land in suburban Voorheesville, New York and transformed itself into the Colonie Country Club.  Albany also had non-Jewish literature groups.  For instance, in 1857 and 1858, there was the Deutscher Leseverein, or German reading society, where readers discussed German writings.[21]  Yet another German literary group, the Beck Literary Society, was founded on January 7, 1860.  Furthermore, the Harmonia German Literary Association appeared in city directories between 1870 and 1879.  The group met at Turn Halle, between 1870 and 1873, and in 1874 they met at Engel’s Halle, located at 31 Green Street. 
Other Jewish organizations included the Society for Brotherly Love, which was established on March 19, 1843.  The society provided assistance and burial facilities for deceased members.  Meanwhile, Jews were not admitted into Freemasonry.  They, therefore, founded the International Order of B’nai B’rith, meaning “Brotherhood of the Covenant,” hereafter IOBB.  Jews from New York City formed the IOBB in 1843 as a fraternal, charitable, and benevolent Jewish association.  In Albany the Shiloh Lodge, Number 17, IOBB was organized on December 11, 1853, and met in Laventall’s Building, located on the corner of South Pearl Street and Hudson Avenue.  The Shiloh Lodge was involved in the social, cultural, and philanthropic activities of the Jewish community.  As Jewish scholar Hyman B. Grinstein put it, “Affiliation with a B’nai Brith lodge was a great social distinction among the German Jews in the 1840s and 1850s.”[22]  Therefore, IOBB lodges were mainly composed of older German-speaking Jews.  The Shiloh lodge, with sixty-seven members, was an insurance society that issued payouts of $500, $750, and $1,000 to its members depending on the amount of contributions made to the lodge by its members and also depending upon the age of the member at entrance into the lodge.[23]  The lodge ceased to exist after 1900 because of the numerical decline of German speakers in the Jewish community.  But two organizations that catered to the younger Jewish population who identified with both American ideals and Jewish affairs included the Young Men’s Association, henceforth YMA and the Progress Club.  Both groups came into existence during the 1860s and were concerned with cultural and social activities, such as debates, readings, recitations, and concerts.  The YMA was located in the Martin Opera House on South Pearl Street in 1876, and its library consisted of over seven thousand volumes.  Meanwhile, the city of Buffalo, New York, also had a strictly German YMA, which was incorporated, earlier than Albany’s, on May 12, 1846.  Its library compiled 1,800 volumes as of 1855.[24] 
Another Jewish society was the Brith Academy.  It opened in November 1866 at 67 Division Street, but closed on May 1, 1869, due to a lack of financial support.  The academy had 150 students and four teachers who taught English, German, Hebrew and secular studies.[25]  An additional Jewish organization was the Gideon Lodge, No. 140 of the IOBB.  This organization was founded on March 19, 1870, for the purpose of furthering Jewish social and cultural activities.  They also met at Laventall’s Building.  An unofficial female auxiliary group of B’nai Brith was the Unabhängiger Orden Treur Schwestern, or the Independent Order of True Sisters.[26] The Abigail Lodge formed under the Order of True Sisters on August 4, 1857.  Later, the Arnon Lodge, Number 64, of the men’s Independent Order of the Free Sons of Israel was founded on April 5, 1874. 



[1] Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 216. Morris O. A. Gerber, Pictorial History of Albany’s Jewish Community (Albany: n. p., 1986), pp. 13-14.
[2] Rabbi Donald P. Cashman, “Albany’s Synagogues: Split-Off and Merger,” in Historic Albany: Its Churches and Synagogues, Anne Roberts and Marcia Cockrell, eds., (Albany: Library Communications Services, 1986), p. 118.
[3] Hyman B. Grinstein, The Rise of the Jewish Community of New York, 1654-1860 (Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1945), pp. 207-210.
[4] Howell and Tenney, eds., History of the County of Albany, N. Y., p. 763.
[5] Timothy J. Malloy, “Elite Gentlemen’s Clubs in Albany, New York, 1866-1920” (Masters thesis, University of New York at Albany, 1996), pp. 54-58.
[6] Rubinger, “Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century,” pp. 83-89. Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 227.
[7] Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 236.
[8] Rubinger, “Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century,” pp. 53-57.
[9] Ibid., pp. 57-60. Reynolds, Albany Chronicles, pp. 577, 593. Cashman, “Albany’s Synagogues: Split-Off and Merger,” in Historic Albany: Its Churches and Synagogues, Anne Roberts and Marcia Cockrell, eds., p. 119. Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 237-240.
[10] Rubinger, “Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century,” pp. 268-269.
[11] Ibid., pp. 156-168. Reynolds, Albany Chronicles: A History of the City Arranged Chronologically, p. 613. Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 235.
[12] Phelps, comp., The Albany Hand-Book: A Strangers’ Guide and Residents’ Manual, pp. 97-98. Howell and Tenney, eds., History of the County of Albany, N. Y., From 1609-1886, p. 763.
[13] Reynolds, Albany Chronicles: A History of the City Arranged Chronologically, p. 644. Howell and Tenney, eds., History of the County of Albany, N. Y., From 1609-1886, p. 676.
[14] Rubinger, Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century: Historic Roots and Communal Evolution, p. 214.
[15] Howell and Tenney, eds., History of the County of Albany, N. Y., From 1609-1886, p. 763.
[16] Grinstein, The Rise of the Jewish Community of New York, 1654-1860, p. 210.
[17] n. a., Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, p.57.
[18] Conners, “Their Own Kind,” p. 103. Rubinger, “Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century,” pp. 152-153. Reimer, “Ethnicity in Albany, N. Y., 1888-1908,” p. 47. Silver, “The Jews in Albany, N. Y. (1655-1914),” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 9: 230.
[19] n. a., Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, pp. 71-75.
[20] Rubinger, “Albany Jewry of the Nineteenth Century,” p. 287. Reynolds, Albany Chronicles, p. 651. Phelps, comp., The Albany Hand-Book, pp. 4-5.
[21] n. a., Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, p. 131.
[22] Grinstein, The Rise of the Jewish Community of New York, 1654-1860, p. 204.
[23] n. a., Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, p. 217.
[24] French, comp., Gazetteer of the State of New York, p. 147.
[25] n. a., Geschichte der Deutschen in Albany und Troy, p. 131.
[26] Grinstein, The Rise of the Jewish Community of New York, 1654-1860, p. 154.

10 June 2017

Genealogy Meeting/Class : Sand Lake Historical Society

Coming up very soon is a genealogy class and meeting this Tuesday, 13 June. The following was clipped from the Rensselaer County Advertiser newspaper.



Sand Lake Historical Society To Meet
The next gathering of the Sand Lake Historical Society  is June 13th! We invite everyone to join us! Genealogy, or the study of family history, has been described as the "fastest-growing hobby in America." With the popularity of television shows like "Who Do You Think You Are?" along with the ease of sharing information via the Internet and the reconnecting of distant relatives using social media it's no wonder more Americans than ever before are interested in discovering their roots.

Professional genealogist Lisa Dougherty will help you get started in the pursuit of your own family history by offering guidelines for gathering information, conducting effective interviews, and organizing your research.

The traditional June "Strawberry Dessert Social" will be provided by the SLHS trustees. Also at the June meeting, membership will vote on proposed amendments to our Bylaws. Meetings are usually held the second Tuesday of each month, beginning at 7:30 p.m., at the Sand Lake Town Hall, 8428 NY 6, Sand Lake, New York.

Check out the Sand Lake Historical Society FACEBOOK page or our website: sandlakehistory.org

American Italian Heritage Association

The following was cut from the web site of the American Italian Heritage Association (AIHA).


Our Association was founded in 1979, and we have become an international organization with members in 41 States and several countries. Our goals are to record and preserve our Italian heritage and culture. Our museum has ten rooms of exhibits, a Hall of History and a gift shop. We operate the largest Italian American museum in the east. Our second floor is the home of our Italian Cultural Center which includes a library, class room, meeting space, memorial room, art gallery and a hall. We offer many classes and events at the Cultural Center that help us to record and preserve our Italian heritage.

The AIHA operated the Italian Cultural Center & Museum located at 668 Catherine Street, Utica, New York (Utica's "Little Italy" - east side of the city) 1985. It was closed late in 1998 so that plans for the new national museum in Albany, NY could begin.

In 1979, Professor Cavaliere Philip J. DiNovo gave birth to the idea of a Italian American Cultural Organization. He invited eight Italian American professors to a meeting at the Law School, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY. Those attending agreed to organize the American Italian Heritage Association to record and preserve our Italian heritage. The Association has an outstanding record: publishing five books, for 16 years held two conferences a year in different parts of the state, has set up exhibits, sponsored many cultural programs, worked with schools and colleges, published various publications, sponsored two Italian folk dance groups, a Italian choir, has had outreach events with other ethnic groups, marched in parades, set up booths at various fiestas', offered many classes for children and adults, set up a speakers bureau, held Italian food festivals & events. These and many other events have helped to keep alive our Italian heritage and culture.

Professor Cavaliere Philip J. DiNovo has been knighted by the Italian government for his years of service in the Italian American community. He is on the national Italian American Folk Art Federation Board and writes articles for Italian American publications across the nation. He has invited many outstanding volunteers to join in this important cause and the record is due to their great talent, sacrifice and commitment.

Mission Statement of the American Italian Heritage Association:
We are committed to record and preserve the contributions of our Italian heritage and culture to our society. The association seeks through its newsletter, cultural programs, activities, exhibits, projects, and outreach, programs to enhance, highlight, and extend the Italian heritage, history and culture to the public.

The American Italian Heritage Museum & the American Italian Heritage Association is located at
1227 Central Ave. Albany, NY 12205
phone: 518.435.1979
web: here

The AIHA publishes a very interesting and informative 20 page bi-monthly Newsletter in English. It contains information about Italian Americans, Italy, history, customs, traditions, recipes, events and other information of interest to Italian-Americans. Membership is open to everyone.

Dues are as follows:
Membership Dues: $25
Friend of The Museum $50


09 June 2017

Friday Funny

Below is a genealogy funny found on Cartoonstock.com.


08 June 2017

Throwback Thursday : Lincoln Park Pool

An old throwback photo of my grand aunt, Eleanor Elizabeth Bailey, and my grandmother, Agnes Johanna Bailey, circa 1922. It is believed that this is the Lincoln Park pool in Albany. They lived on Morton Avenue and always were at the park pool.

Eleanor Bailey, left & Agnes Bailey, right

07 June 2017

06 June 2017

DNA chart

The chart below is posted to show relationships among family members and what percentage of DNA you share among your relatives.


Tombstone Tuesday : Hannah Philmore

This week's tombstone photo is from the Stephentown Center Baptist Cemetery on Calvin Cole Road. I drove by this cemetery this weekend on the way to the Cherry Plain State Park in Petersburg. Obviously I had to stop. The land that this cemetery is on is also for sale. Anyone looking to own their own historic cemetery? The cemetery was relatively small but appeared to be in pretty good shape. I did not notice any fallen stones. Perhaps the cemetery was recently rehabbed? I could not help but notice the stone below. It is nicely carved and is in excellent condition for being 175 years old.



A transcription of the stone follows:

SACRED
To the Memory of 
HANNAH
Wife of 
JOEL PHILMORE
Who departed this Life
March 6th 1842
Aged 57 Years

Dear Mourning friends who live to weep
And pass this grave, see here I sleep
Prepare for death as you must die
And be entombed, as well as I

05 June 2017

Military Monday : Joseph Albert

This week's ancestral biography is on Joseph Albert, one of my great great great grandfathers. Joseph was born to Margaretha Reber (born 01 November 1815) and Andreas Albert (21 February 1807 - 08 April 1850) on 25 December 1836 in Tolnayshof (Leibenstadt), Baden. Margaretha and Andreas were married on 18 November 1834 in Tolnayshof.

Parish Register of Joseph Albert's baptism
Translation of Joseph's baptism record
courtesy Joseph Jennings

Siblings of Joseph, all born in Tolnayshof, include:

  • Johann Solomon Albert, born 08 February 1840
  • Franz Joseph Albert, born 21 March 1844
  • Elisabetha Albert, born 27 December 1846
  • Katharina Albert, born 01 September 1850

The village of Tolnayshof does not exist today. The vast majority of its residents were extremely poor and considered a burden on the Baden government. Therefore from 1850 through 1880 the state of Baden forced the immigration of its residents until the village ceased to exist in 1880. All buildings were then demolished and the village disappeared.

It appears that a large number of Tolnayshof residents settled in Albany. Some of those families included the Alberts, Eddingers, Herbingers, Hoffmans, and Rebers. All of which are ancestors of mine. 

It appears that after Andreas Albert died his wife Margaretha remarried Joseph Salg. The family immigrated to New York arriving on 29 October 1853 aboard the ship Sir Robert Peel. Below is a scan of part of the passenger list listing the family under the name Salg.

Passenger List, Sir Robert Peel
29 October 1853

Joseph married Maria Ittinger (07 March 1838 - 06 April 1900), another former resident of Tolnayshof on 07 February 1857 at the Evangelical Protestant Church in Albany on Clinton and Alexander Streets. Joseph and Maria had the following children:
  • John (1855-1899) married Sophia Albert
  • Joseph (1859-1899) married Eva Wink
  • Russell (1862-1899) married Mary Ann Ryan
  • Mary (1866- ?)
  • Julia (1869-1946) married Edwin Theodore Waite
  • Jacob (1870- ?) married Julia
  • Louisa (1872-1944) married Charles W. Craft
  • William (1874-1944) married Mary L. Hortick
  • Henry (1876- ?)
  • Thomas Joseph (1878-1943) married Elizabeth Karius
  • Charles (1882-1962) married Bertha Konkosky
  • George William (1885-1957) married Catherine Theresa Vogel
Below are the left and right pages from the marriage register of the Evangelical Protestant church listing Joseph and Maria's marriage.



On 19 October 1857 Joseph applied for his Declaration of Intent to become a United States citizen and on 15 October 1860 Joseph became a citizen. Joseph was both a farmer and moulder. The family resided on Second Avenue for many years.

Joseph Albert naturalization record
15 October 1860
Shortly after becoming a United States citizen the Civil War broke out and Joseph enlisted into the 7th Heavy Artillery of the New York State Volunteers 07 August 1862. He was joined by many other Albany South End Germans. The unit was led by Colonel George Krank; also from Albany. Krank Street in Albany was named after his family.

Joseph saw heavy fighting and was captured at the Battle of Petersburg on 22 June 1864. He was confined at Richmond, Virginia and later at Andersonville, Georgia. On 25 May 1865 Joseph mustered out of the Army at an Albany hospital. Some of the documents from Joseph's pension files indicate that he was severely injured by being hit with grapeshot; which was usually fired out of cannons.

Below are various scans from Joseph's pension files.

Letter describing grapeshot wound
Enlistment Paper




Joseph and Maria are both buried in Our Lady Help of Christians cemetery in Glenmont.
Joseph & Maria Albert gravestone
at Our Lady Help of Christians cemetery
Glenmont, New York